While Unraid is configured to work automatically, you may wish to further refine your setup by customizing your IP address, hostname, disk tunables, and other settings. This section goes over the various settings you can configure from the Unraid webGui. All settings controls can be found under the Settings tab on the Unraid task bar unless otherwise specified.
The Unraid GUI has extensive online help built-in that can help with choosing appropriate values for the settings that are available. This help can ban be displayed for specific fields by clicking on the prompt for that field. it can also be toggled on/off for all fields on a page by clicking on the (Help) icon at the top right of each page.
Date & Time
From this page, you can set your time zone and toggle the use of up to 3 NTP servers. It is recommended that you adjust Unraid to your time zone for accurate timekeeping.
You can configure additional settings for your disk devices from this page. Enable your array to auto-start on boot, adjust disk spin-down timers, and even adjust advanced driver settings such as SMART polling frequency.
Docker containers allow users to add a variety of pre-configured Linux applications to their systems. See the Docker Management page for more information on setting up applications using Docker.
Unraid automatically uses the hostname of
tower, but you can adjust
that from this page. You can also give your system a description / model
number (useful for system builders). In addition, this page also allows
you to enable or disable SSL support, change what port the webGui uses,
and even provision an SSL certificate for your server.
By default, Unraid will attempt to get an IP address from a DHCP server present on your local network (typically by your router). From this page, you can configure a static IP address, set up bonding / bridging, or other options. Setting a static IP is recommended, but not required to use Unraid.
Global Share Settings
As described earlier, user shares can vastly simplify how content can be organized and accessed across multiple disks in the array. You can specify what disks are allowed to participate in user shares (global inclusion/exclusion) and if a cache device/pool is present, you can configure its use with user shares from here.
Unraid can be connected to an APC UPS (uninterruptable power supply) so that in the event of a power loss, the system can be commanded to shut down while being supplied power through a battery. From this page, you can configure the connection to your specific UPS and define policies for when the shutdown command should be issued. For a complete manual, visit: http://apcupsd.org/manual/manual.html
Virtual machines can be used to turn your server into a desktop, a media player, or just to run applications that weren't designed for Linux. See VM Management and VM Guest Support for more information on creating and managing VMs on Unraid.
AFP (Apple File Protocol)
From this page you can enable user shares for use with the Apple File Protocol, allowing them to be used as valid Time Machine backup targets for your Mac OS X devices.
NFS (Network File System)
NFSv4 support has been included in Unraid 6. You can enable or disable
its use with user shares from this page, as well as adjust the
fuse_remember tunable which can help with resolving NFS Stale File
Handles error messages.
SMB (Server Message Block)
The SMB protocol is the standard used by Microsoft Windows-based clients. From this page, you can enable its use, define a Windows workgroup, or even join an active directory domain.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
Users can connect via FTP if they are added to the FTP user(s) field on this page. If no users are added, the FTP service will not be started.
Users can set up logging of the syslog to permanent storage
WireGuard VPN Server
Users can set up a VPN connection using WireGuard for secure connections to/from the internet
From here, you can disable the need for confirmations to perform various tasks.
Customize the appearance of the Unraid webGui from this page. This includes adjusting the date and time format, number format, toggles for tabbed/non-tabbed view modes, temperature unit, and much more. You can also toggle between various themes for how the UI itself is presented.
Browser and e-mail-based system notifications can be configured from this page. You can subscribe to different types of notifications for each method and even add custom alerts for SMART values attribute monitoring.
The scheduler settings page allows you as standard to configure the frequency for two types of automated system tasks: parity checks and the cache mover.
Parity Checks (Read Checks)
The parity disk contents need to be correct for Unraid to be able to recover a failed drive successfully without any data loss or corruption. The purpose of a Parity Check is to confirm that the data on the array data drives is consistent with that held on the parity disk(s). Parity is updated in real-time during normal Unraid use so one should only expect there to be any mismatch between the parity calculated from reading the data drives and that actually present on the parity drives(s) if there have been any system events such as an unclean shutdown or if there have been write errors reported.
It is recommended that Parity Checks are run at regular intervals as part of normal system maintenance. You do not want to do this too frequently as the check can adversely affect system performance while it is running (typical frequencies used are monthly or quarterly). It is recommended that such checks are run as non-correcting so that if a data drive is playing up for any reason you do not corrupt the parity. Correcting parity checks do have to be run if any problem has been identified (and corrected) to get parity disk contents to once again be consistent with the contents of the data drives and this can be done manually from the Main page in the Unraid GUI.
- The only acceptable number of errors reported by a parity check is 0. If you get any other result then you need to look into why this has happened as it can compromise Unraid's ability to recover failed drives without any data corruption/loss.
- If you do not have a parity disk present in the system then this option will run a Read-Check which simply involves reading through all the data drives to ensure they can be read without error. This is still a useful maintenance function as any read errors need to be investigated as they could lead to problems later,
Mover is used to handle the automated transfer of data belonging to User Shares between a cache pool and the to/from the main array. Whether is actually moves files and in which direction is controlled by the value of the Use Cache setting on each share.
The Mover task is normally scheduled to run automatically in the middle of the night when the system its likely to be otherwise inactive.
- Mover can never move files off a cache pool as fast as a user can potentially write to it. For this reason it is typically recommended that User Shares are set to not use a cache pool during the initial load of data into a new Unraid system as this is almost certainly to be more than the cache pool can handle so the benefit is marginal at best. This option should only be enabled when the volume of data on a daily basis is likely to be less that the cache pool can handle.
- Mover will never move files that are currently open in any application. In particular this can apply to the System share if the Docker or VM services are not disabled as they hold files in that location open all the time they are running.
- Mover will never moves any files that are found to exist on both a cache pool and the main array. In normal use this should not happen as files are only meant to exist at one of these locations. However it can happen if the user has moved files manually between drives thus by-passing Unraid's normal handling of files for User Shares.
- Mover can be run manually by using the Mover button on the Main page in the Unraid GUI.
Plugins offered by 3rd parties can add additional sections to the Scheduler settings page of the Unraid GUI. Typically there are related to enhancing/tuning the Parity Check or Mover functionality although this is not mandated.